NRLMSISE-00 Atmosphere Model

Empirical models of the thermosphere and mesosphere are an indispensable tool used by the operational and upper atmospheric research communities for data analysis, initialization of detailed physics‐based models, and mission and instrument design. For over a decade, the empirical models of choice among upper atmospheric scientists have been the Mass Spectrometer Incoherent Scatter Radar (MSIS‐class) models of composition, total mass density, and temperature.